What is Level Measurement?

Tank Level Measurements

measurement tank

Devices designed for diverse applications vary in shapes and sizes to measure levels. The primary purpose of a tank level sensor is to inform whether a tank is empty or full or to report the fluid amount in the tank. Commonly known as level sensors, transmitters, or gauges, these devices measure point level, resembling a level switch or continuous level instruments that provide operators with the exact fluid amount in a container or tank.

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Hawk's Wastewater Process Map

To avoid unfair confinement of all level measurements to tanks, it is essential to note that level sensors are also applicable in open channels or spaces. Some devices measure the distance between two objects, such as anti-collision sensors.

Water Treatment Applications

Level measurement finds numerous applications in water treatment, from raw sewage treatment plants to clarifiers, digesters, dewatering, and sludge separation. It involves liquid levels, including water, water-based liquids, and chemicals in non-pressurized or pressurized tanks. Measuring solids poses challenges, especially when they behave differently from liquids, as solids tend to build up.

how level measurement work
Contact vs. Non-Contact Level Sensors

Categorizing level sensors as either contact (intrusive) or non-contact (non-intrusive) depends on the sensor setup. Multiple methods determine fluid levels. A common mechanical level sensor is often referred to as a gauge. Measuring pressure can also indicate levels in a tank or similar application, termed as “Hydrostatic Level Transmitters.”

Testing a pressure-based hydrostatic level sensor in our office involves a stainless steel tank with a mixture of sweetened water for juices. The connections use a Tri-clamp to affix to the adjoining pipe. Calibration of the level transmitter is done by referencing the Water Column.

level measurement sensors

Types of Level Sensors

Apart from mechanical sensors, other technologies exploit frequencies across the electromagnetic spectrum. Examples include capacitance level, optics (laser and infrared sensing), conductivity, vibrating fork-type level switches, microwave level sensors, radar gauges, and acoustic level technology. Collaborating with Hawk Measurement provides access to the best contacts for application-specific assistance.

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